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Verbal Topic 1 - Sentence Correction

1. Before learning how to make a synthetic growth hormone, scientists had to remove it painstakingly in small amounts from the pituitary glands of human cadavers.


 A. learning how to make a synthetic growth hormone, scientists had to remove it painstakingly
  B. scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth hormone, they removed it painstakingly
  C. scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth hormone, they had to remove it painstakingly
  D. scientists learned how to synthesize the growth hormone, it had to be painstakingly removed
  E. learning how to synthesize the growth hormone, it had to be painstakingly removed by scientists
2. Many environmentalists, and some economists, say that free trade encourages industry to relocate to countries with ineffective or poorly enforced antipollution laws, mostly in the developing world, and that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution.


  A. that, in order to maintain competitiveness, rich nations have joined this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
  B. that, to maintain competitiveness, rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution
  C. that rich nations join this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution because they want to maintain competitiveness
  D. that rich nations joining this downward slide toward more lax attitudes about pollution is a result of wanting to maintain competition
  E. that wanting to maintain competition is making rich nations join in this downward slide toward an attitude about pollution that is more lax
3. Industrialization and modern methods of insect control have improved the standard of living around the globe while at the same time they have introduced some 100,000 dangerous chemical pollutants that have gone virtually unregulated since they were developed more than 50 years ago.


  A. while at the same time they have introduced some 100,000 dangerous chemical pollutants that have
  B. while at the same time introducing some 100,000 dangerous chemical pollutants that have
  C. while they have introduced some 100,000 dangerous chemical pollutants at the same time, which have
  D. but introducing some 100,000 dangerous chemical pollutants at the same time that have
  E. but at the same time introducing some 100,000 dangerous chemical pollutants, having
4. Greatly influenced by the Protestant missionary Samuel Kirkland, the Oneida was the only one of the five-nation Iroquois League that sided with the colonists during the American Revolution.


  A. was the only one of the five-nation Iroquois League that sided
  B. was alone of the five-nation Iroquois League sided
  C. were the only ones among the five nations of the Iroquois League that sided
  D. were the only ones out of the five nations of the Iroquois League in siding
  E. only of the five-nation Iroquois League had sided
5. Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over North America, they are named for the New Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932.


  A. Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over North America, they are named for the New Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932.
  B. Although named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, Clovis points are spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces and have been found all over North America.

  C. Named for the New Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932, Clovis points, spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto the faces, have been found all over North America.

  D. Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are chipped onto the faces, Clovis points, even though named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, but were found all over North America.

  E. While Clovis points are spear points whose faces have longitudinal grooves chipped into them, they have been found all over North America, and named for the New Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932.
6. The artist Renoir?s last word was ?flowers,? spoken as they arranged a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden in a vase on his bedroom windowsill.


  A. as they arranged a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden
  B. as a bouquet of roses had been just picked from his garden and was being arranged
  C. as a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden was being arranged
  D. during the arrangement of a bouquet of roses just picked from his garden
  E. while they arranged a bouquet of roses that had just been picked from his garden
7. Used by many natural history museum curators in the preparation of animal skeletons for display, dermestid beetles feed on the decaying flesh of animal carcasses, pulling with its mouthparts to strip the bone of any residual fat or muscle tissue.


  A. dermestid beetles feed on the decaying flesh of animal carcasses, pulling
  B. dermestid beetles feed on the decaying flesh of animal carcasses and pull
  C. the dermestid beetle feeds on the decaying flesh of animal carcasses and pulls
  D. the dermestid beetle feeds on the decaying flesh of animal carcasses, pulling
  E. the dermestid beetle feeds on the decaying flesh of animal carcasses and it pulls
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